65, no. The recent documentary Sex for Grades highlights how insidious these violations are and their costs for victims attending Nigerian and Ghanaian universities. Universities and practitioners also develop multiple tiers of prevention methods and programs in hope to stop the increasing rate of campus violence. Over the years, campus violence has experienced substantial change and is defined by various implications, in terms of legal, social, and security context. Campus violence rises in China. Although awareness of campus sexual assault is at historic high, institutional responses to incidents of sexual violence remain widely varied and often, dissatisfied and imperfect. It's Time to Ask Uncomfortable Questions About HBCU Campus Violence HBCUs are vulnerable to crime just as any other neighborhood, college campus, office building, or public space. Violence on campuses increasingly manifest in a larger number of random assaults, group fights, mass shootings, flash-mob crimes, and vicious one-on-one attacks. Most sexual assaults involved persons who knew each other. Taylor & Francis Online, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10668920050179835. Colleges who fail to comply with these policies are entitled to legal consequences. 839-855. 35, pp. The most common, cyberstalking involves the “active use of the web and other internet communication portals, such as Facebook, Myspace, Twitter, and online dating sites,” (Dekeseredy 335). Students should be educated on the recognition and signs of red flags that can lead to dangerous unwanted situations. It is even more severe in the case of media coverage. This report has four major sections. Each and every academic year begins with … Besides, neither the research nor the program will cost much with the joint effort of the government, including the local police, and the university students, faculty, and administrators. They set up remedial programs and supportive services that target post-trauma counseling, protection, medical care, etc., to help relieve the consequences and effects those violent events have on the students (Roark 369). In a survey by Towson State ’ s Campus Violence Prevention Center, it was found that the maltreatment of intoxicant was heavier among victims and culprits of campus force than the remainder of the campus population. A better enforcement of the Clery Act is needed and universities must be required to disclose and report any crimes involving their students, whether they happen on campus or off-campus. Free Essay on Campus Violence. Over the course of the years, colleges and universities and the government attempted to fix the problem of campus violence by proposing different methods and solutions to the problem. (2000). It is a telephone survey sponsored by the West Virginia Division of Justice and Community Services (WVDJCS) and designed and implemented by researchers at the Research Center on Violence (RCV) at West Virginia University (WVU). Campus sexual assault is a complex phenomenon to tackle from a public health perspective. “Community and Campus Crime: A Geospatial Examination of the Clery Act.” Crime & Delinquency, vol. Programs that include researchers to analyze crime patterns and behaviors should be established and run by a governmental agency at the local level. 59, no. The process starts with a problem analysis designed to identify particular areas of concern in each campus community and to set priorities for prevention. In the interest of informing the process of intervention program planning, this article considers the etiology of violence in the college and university setting. AZ Writing | Sample Essays, Example Research Papers and Tips . “By not including all students living off-campus in their crime reports,” university is only portraying “a small portion of the crimes in an area where a large percentage of students live” (Mohammad and Faulk), which makes it difficult to track and model accurate crime patterns and behaviors. 1457343, 79 Pages By the end of the massacre, he had killed 32 students whereby 28 of them were shot on the head. As a continually developing country, technological advancement and the creation of campus police force also influence the characteristic of campus violence, both positively and negatively. Data and statistics on crimes relating to students taken from local police records should be provided to universities; the profiles of the offenders and victims are to be kept anonymous with respect to legal and ethical aspects. Flannery, Daniel J., and Kathleen Quinn-Leering. When violence occurs on predominantly white campuses, it's typically covered in the vein of "one crazy person going berserk and shooting up as many people as possible." Project MUSE [Johns Hopkins UP], doi: https://doi.org/10.1353/csd.2011.0045. EBSCOhost, doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.1987.tb00732.x. Accordingly, this essay explores the scope and dynamics of both “ordinary” and “extraordinary” campus violence, discusses the law and “best practices” dealing with peer sexual violence victims’ rights and the due process rights of students accused of misconduct, and contrasts the typical disciplinary responses of many schools to both the methods required by the applicable law and those advocated by the best practices literature. Many legislations are then passed to ensure that universities are educating their students about dangerous behaviors and warn students about unsafe conditions on or near the campus. It was first theorized that universities have a liability to ensure the safety of their students under the idea of “loco parentis,” in which universities are given the freedom to create and enforce any rules or regulations upon student conducts (Fisher and Sloan 33-35). Through an improvement in self-defense program and extensive research in the crime-mapping field, it is anticipated that the prevention of these crimes will increase and the number of future crimes will slowly, but surely be reduced. School Violence Research Topics List School Violence Cases. The West Virginia Community Quality of Life Survey (WVCQL) was launched during the summer of 2016. However, as news nowadays are overfilled with the examples of violence in colleges and universities that range from mass shootings to incidents of rape, assault, burglary, etc., parents and education professionals are becoming more concerned about the atmosphere in which students are bound to spend several years of their college life. However, crime mapping studies are greatly disrupted by the insufficient and inaccurate data on available campus crimes, provided by the universities. Knowing self-defense can help victims delay the happenings of the crimes while buying them more time to contact the police, which will increase the chance of safely walking away from the crimes. There is considerable evidence that students’ exposure to violence is associated with both antisocial behavior and psychological trauma, such as depression, anxiety, anger, post-traumatic stress, and can lead to violent behavior (Flannery and Quinn-Leering 839-855). For this reason, it is reasonable that further research in crime mapping studies and self-defense programs is necessary for the prevention of those crimes. Skip to content. Although the arrest of the offenders and post-trauma counseling offer support and justice to the victim, but they do not erase the scars and traumas gained from the violence. Research on gender-based violence against women Work done, work emerging and work needed – a view from my experience Prof. Dr. Carol Hagemann- White Universität Osnabrück, Germany UNESCO, Paris, November 2011 . GRANTS TO REDUCE VIOLENT CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN ON CAMPUS PROGRAM In the past few decades, many local and state agencies across the country have developed programs … The social implications of campus violence have always been linked towards the conceptions of early forms of sexism and gender stratification and the use of drugs and alcohol on campus. The report cites several major factors underlying campus violence, including the use of alcohol, racial and ethnic tensions, and a “sports culture” that “can promote competition, aggression, and male privilege.” Going forward, the report suggests several recommendations that colleges should consider to stem the level of campus violence. Over the past decades, there have been reports of increased violence on U.S. college campuses, particularly sexual assaults, and the numbers of victims continue to rise (Korn 2016). CAMPUS VIOLENCE RESEARCH PAPER 3 students and injured two while on the other room, he killed five and wounded six. Mayhew, Matthew J., Rebecca J. Caldwell, and Emily G. Goldman. 10, 2010, pp. Dekeseredy, Walter S. “Thinking Critically About Campus-Based Self-Defense Programs.” Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, vol. Journal of College and University Law, Vol. 839-55. First, we define the nature and scope of campus violence both nationally and in Massachusetts. However, in statistical terms, this type of campus violence can thankfully be considered relatively extraordinary. Research on policy after 2005: CoE monitoring 4. 334-38. Community College Journal of Research and Practice: Vol. The stakeholders have the rights to be informed and told the truth and the right to not be injured. Obviously, the loss of control due to substance maltreatment, including intoxicant, frequently consequences in violent effusions. It is shown in many studies that college students, especially those that live in “wet” communities, filled with bars, liquor stores, and other alcohol outlets, have greater use of alcohol and other drugs than other youths in society (Fisher and Sloan 185-86). Campus interpersonal violence - defined as sexual assault, sexual harassment, intimate partner violence, and stalking - is a social problem that has received widespread attention due to its high prevalence and devastating consequences, especially for students facing multiple forms of … Sparkman, Rachel. It requires multisector and multidisciplinary work—from research, policy, and intervention. Many crime mapping programs and studies have already been authorized and adopted by state and local government and so, only an extension of that effort is needed in the direction college campus violence for the program to be even more successful. The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) shows that roughly 40 percent of offenders were perceived to be using alcohol or drugs and the use of “date-rape drugs such as Rohypnol,” or roofies, are particularly popular among sexual predators (Fisher and Sloan 186-214). 24, No. A decrease in campus violence will affect the campus population positively in numerous ways. Fox, David N. Khey, and Alan J. Lizotte. Campus crimes occur on both on and off campus and yet, “crimes involving students off campus or in off-campus student housing are [often] not included” and reported to the “federally mandated campus safety reports,” despite the passing of the Clery Act (Mohammad and Faulk). 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