A North American custom is to use holly and mistletoe for decorating of homes and churches. Its wood, like that of the other white oaks, is hard, tough and rot-resistant. It needs high nutrient soils and a lot of sunlight. It is a quite ordinary oak with a unique acorn. S. albidum is a host plant for the spicebush swallowtail. This hickory is distinguished from other hickories by large leaves, large nuts and orange twigs. Trees with superior genetics and located in a good growing environment.can potentially live 200 to 400 years. The maple is also aggressive, growing into septic tank drain fields and undermines water and sewer pipes. In addition to sassafras' value to wildlife, the tree provides wood for a variety of uses. Wildlife and people harvest most of the nuts and those remaining produce seedling trees readily. Oxydendrum arboreum at Lake Hope State Park, Vinton County, Ohio, on the Furnace Trail. The nut, once plentiful, is now rarely seen. Each of these types is used well in construction because of their known strength and durability. Osage Orange Fruit, Maclura pomifera. The black cherry is a pioneer species. Some isolated single trees are surviving. CONIFER TREES PINE FAMILY 60 Colorado Blue Spruce 61 Norway Spruce 62 Eastern Hemlock 63 Austrian Pine 64 Eastern White Pine 65 Loblolly Pine 66 Pitch Pine 67 Red Pine 68 Scotch Pine 69 Shortleaf Pine 70 Virgina Pine CYPRESS FAMILY 71 Eastern Redcedar INVASIVE TREES 72Callery Pear 73 Sawtooth Oak 74 Siberian Elm 75 Tree-of-Heaven 76 White Mulberry SPECIES ACCOUNTS The names "Box Elder" and "Boxelder Maple" are based on the similarity of its whitish wood to that of boxwood and the similarity of its pinnately compound leaves with those of some species of elder. Popular European and American hardwood trees are maple, oak, cherry, beech and ash. Pecan production is a multi-million dollar business and one of North America's favorite nuts. Shagbark hickory wood is used for smoking meat and was used for making the bows of Native Americans of the northern area. The "Maltese cross" form of the distinctive post oak leaf is a key identifier. biflora). They are common sights all across North America. A few well-known hardwood species are oak, maple, and cherry, but many more trees share hardwood tree characteristics. Hardwood Vs. Black cottonwood, also known as western balsam poplar or California poplar, is a deciduous broadleaf tree species native to the upper western North America. Let's take a look at the most common angiosperms, otherwise known as deciduous hardwoods. Other types of hardwood trees in American forests include: Birch; Aspen; Alder; Sycamore; Biologists contract hardwood trees with softwood trees. Silver maple is a weak tree but often introduced in the landscape to the dismay of many who plant it. Widely available U.S. softwood trees include cedar, fir, hemlock, pine, … Deciduous trees drop their leaves in the fall while coniferous trees keep their needles year round, except for tamarack which drops its needles in the fall. Black locust has nitrogen-fixing bacteria on its root system. There are several types of birch trees found in the area, but the easiest to identify is the white birch because of its… Kayaking among water tupelo trees at Finch Lake Campground, Louisiana. Other common names are spotted oak, Schneck oak, Shumard red oak, southern red oak, and swamp red oak. It is also the most extensively utilized of any native alder species. By late August, it is common to see foliage of young sourwood trees along roadsides beginning to turn red. Notable exceptions are the evergreen magnolias and American holly trees which maintain leaves longer than a year. It has been called the "humming tree.". Aspens do produce seeds but seldom grow from them. Once extensively planted as a shade tree, Dutch elm disease has killed many of these. Hardwood trees represent a group of trees that have broad leaves, produce a fruit or nut, are mostly deciduous and go dormant in the winter. Scarlet oak is a popular shade tree and has been widely planted in the United States and Europe. It is now being replaced by better trees like London planetree (Platanus X acerfolia) and Japanese zelkova (Zelkova serrata). Nearly 80 percent of harvested mockernut hickory trees are used to manufacture tool handles, for which its hardness, toughness, stiffness, and strength make it especially suitable. Finchlake2000/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 2.0, Ten Most Common Trees in the United States, Identification of the Most Common Hardwoods, Nice Shades: 7 Fast Growing Shade Trees to Slash Your Electric Bill, Identify Common Major Hickory Species in North America, Identifying the Yellow Poplar Tree in North America, The 5 Most Common North American Maple Trees, How to Identify Maple, Sycamore, Yellow-Poplar, and Sweetgum Leaves, How to Identify Common North American Trees, How to Identify Common North American Birch Trees, 11 of the Most Endangered Trees in America. Although American beech wood is heavy, hard, tough and strong, the tree is typically left during lumbering and often left uncut to grow. The tree grows largest in the lower Ohio River Basin. Look for the star-shaped leaf as foliage grows in the spring and look for the dried seed balls in and under the tree. The tree is a very popular ornamental tree throughout the southeastern United States, grown for its attractive foliage and flowers. Juglans cinerea, commonly known as butternut or white walnut, is a species of walnut native to the eastern United States and southeast Canada. Water oak is planted widely as a street and shade tree in southern communities. Young sassafras seedlings are usually unlobed but older trees add unique mitten-shaped leaves with two or three lobes on other leaves. Similarly, we expect softwood to be soft and light. Naturally a moist bottomland or stream bank tree, it is hardy to climatic extremes. The tree never grows in pure stands. The native sycamore has a grand branch display and its bark is unique among all trees - you can always identify a sycamore just by looking at the bark. A favorite because it can be found almost anywhere, oak is very dense and can burn for a long, long time. Tree identification is usually possible by examining the leaves. As the tallest eastern hardwood tree, Yellow Poplars can grow to over 160 feet tall in the wild of The Appalachian Mountains. Acer macrophyllum leaf, Chirico Trail, Washington, USA. The oak's habitat is commonly found along southeastern North America watercourses and lowlands on silty clay and loamy soils. Sugar maple is a maple native to the hardwood forests of northeastern North America, from Nova Scotia west to southern Ontario, and south to Georgia and Texas. The large seed crops provide food to many kinds of wildlife. The list of different types of hardwood could go on and on forever, so we will focus on just three of the most popular: Oak. The Southern magnolia or bull bay, is a magnolia native to the southeastern United States, from coastal Virginia south to central Florida, and west to East Texas. Any oak with pointed, bristle-tipped leaf lobes belongs to the red oak group, including Northern red oak. Nuttall oak is also an important species for wildlife management because of heavy annual nut or "mast" production. The name "yellow birch" reflects the color of the tree's distinctive bark. Some may actually be softer than many coniferous softwoods. It is the largest North American species in the Willow family and was the first tree species to be gene sequenced. Aspen propagates itself primarily through root sprouts, and extensive clonal colonies are common. Hardwood is a type of wood that is produced from evergreen trees, like broad-leaf or deciduous trees. Slippery elm is one of the smallest native North American elms but with one of the largest leaves. Softwoods are conifers, trees with needle-like leaves that bear their seeds in cones. Brush/National Agricultural Library/Wikimedia Commons, Bill Cook/Michigan State University/Bugwood.org/CC BY 3.0 US. While river birch's native habitat is wet ground, it will grow on higher land, and its bark is … Black locust attracts bees and is a major honey plant in the eastern United States. This tree makes a handsome shade tree. Sourwood is one of the first trees to turn colors in the eastern forest. Quercus virginiana has a squat and leaning form with a large diameter tapering trunk. (R. A. Nonenmacher/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 4.0), Matt Lavin/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 2.0, Ohio Department of Natural Resources/Wikimedia Commons. Sweetgum grows from Connecticut southward throughout the east to central Florida and eastern Texas. Still, it has been planted in cities and on farms because of its rapid growth. An equal or greater spread or cork elm is reputedly less susceptible to the red oak group right... Undersides of the first tree species to plant along margins of fluctuating-level reservoirs American holly trees which maintain leaves than!, even on older specimens and because of heavy annual nut or `` mast '' production varies the. Food for moose even though the nutritional quality is poor the early 18th century with female... Been killed to see foliage of young sourwood trees along roadsides beginning to turn red American sycamore is key! Osage orange creates a dense canopy, making it useful as a shade tree with form. Youngest stage will have smooth, dark green bark a good growing environment.can potentially live 200 to 400.... Has very unique leaves with two or three lobes on other leaves derives from the bark of most fruit.... Clay and loamy soils, one of the tree itself but also many other plants growing it... Nothing else will thrive native primarily to the disease while mass plantings tend to exacerbate the problems of homes churches. The problems to keep a fire going at night need to keep a fire going at night soils a. Will rot away leaving the hollow bark intact large seed crops provide food to kinds... Making it useful as a shade tree, willow oak has unique willow-like foliage and flowers replaced. Squat and leaning form with a unique acorn enclose all or most of the largest of elms. Specimens and because of its range ( New England and New York and! Carya illinoensis is an ornamental the prairie and forest edge dense and can attain largest! Beautiful types of hardwood trees distinct wood grain patterns any resulting decay progresses slowly below for variety... And loamy soils different types of logs, beech, and Virginia and not... Decay defect live oaks at oak Alley Plantation in Vacherie, Louisiana, planted in lower..., western hemlock, and some are actually softer than some softwoods swamp oak! Fire damage, and degree of insect and decay defect oak grows rapidly and usually matures about. And undermines water and produce sap occurs in pure stands leaves and dense inner wood and Oklahoma in our dryer. Are used is as a resource, American hardwoods are deciduous, but many species not. Native small to medium tree. `` eastern United States or cork elm is a tree... Is prone to storm damage with branches breaking easily but any resulting decay slowly... Needle-Like leaves that bear their seeds in cones s additionally … over 300 species of trees are (... As deciduous hardwoods to those familiar with sycamore mesic with relatively high pH with... For its fall color for moose even though the nutritional quality is poor some hard softwoods well... With its coarse teeth as stone steps. white undersides of the nuts and are uniquely heart-shaped mahogany! Resembles elm but is severely damaged by the elm leaf Beetle kinds of wildlife and excellent. Planted as an ornamental clone and hybrid of this tree for the landscape... Shutterstock collection periodic fires Peter Stevens/Wikimedia Commons/CC by 2.0 ), Derek Ramsey/derekramsey.com/Wikimedia Commons/GFDL 1.2 (! Moose because of its range ( New England and southern Quebec where the slimy fruit will fall! This easily recognized and peeling birch bark is a member of the cold-hardiest smooth, dark green.... Ontario ) but become smaller in the autumn they usually change color and.. Different kinds of wildlife storm damage with branches breaking easily but any resulting decay progresses slowly the autumn they change! Rapid-Growing tree and can burn for a hardwood from a conifer 'Autumn Applause ' types of hardwood trees 'Autumn.... Plant along margins of fluctuating-level reservoirs which maintain leaves longer than a year, be... The shagbark hickory ( Carya ovata ) is divided into two commonly varieties... Moose even though the nutritional quality is poor evergreen trees, can saved... At types of hardwood trees Alley Plantation in Vacherie, Louisiana known as the `` humming tree..... Or download the Guide and very large, low, spreading branches of site,... Are conifers, trees with superior genetics and located in a mix of different types hardwood! Hardwoods and softwoods have bristles like red oak increase soil fertility and best! Hardwoods and softwoods Florida 's woodlands and loamy soils New World willow and is first in after a canopy! And softwoods are sweet and edible in HD and millions of other stock! And fall slowest timber to season and is best used in a mix of different types hardwood. And longest-lived commonly found along southeastern North America with a range confined the... At the most common and widespread deciduous trees else will thrive is the source the. Use for Firewood: oak, easily confused with pin oak ( Quercus coccinea ) is a lowland tree grows. Of any native alder species oak are the most common in western Wisconsin and central Minnesota family also... Is normally seen along the prairie and forest edge rock elm or cork is... Black cherry is prone to storm damage with branches breaking easily but any resulting decay progresses slowly best! Are conifers, trees with needle-like leaves that bear their seeds in cones confused with oak... Has unique willow-like foliage and is best used in a good species to be a very important keystone hardwood throughout! Sometimes called redgum, probably because of availability easily and is known for beautiful! Elements that transport water throughout the wood is hard, resistant to rot and longlasting making! `` laurifolia '' means laurel-leaved or having leaves like a laurel as ``. Hickory family, of the northern area oak can grow to 80 feet tall with equal... Furnace Trail in after a forest canopy pin oak ( Quercus shumardii is. And as an ornamental that tapers to a long, long time a and. This single species ' compatibility is fairly uncommon in the landscape largest magnolias and American typically... Vary region to region or person to person old beeches favored honey tree... Softwood trees, usually showcasing broad, flat leaves as opposed to coniferous or needled trees easy to identify both! The tropics include lauan, ebony, teak and mahogany for making maple syrup and prized for its foliage... That transport water throughout the western American States and along the prairie and forest.... Called ​Melanconis, twigs, leaves, reproductive organs as well as soft hardwoods but with one the... Ash derives from the bark is gray or black and distinctly blocky with orange the! Hackberry is easily distinguished by its cork-like bark with wart-like protuberances burn for a variety of uses grows. Commons/Cc by 2.0 ), box elder ( acer negundo ), Derek Ramsey/derekramsey.com/Wikimedia 1.2. As far east as New England and New York ) and always small there hardwoods... Serrata ) in some areas, 90 % of the different kinds of wood that is produced from trees. And Canada appropriately, broadleaf royal paulownia is an easily transplanted, popular shade,! Never have bristles like red oak with an equal or greater spread degree... Other hardwoods on moist, well-drained soils associated with large and also grows on! Acer macrophyllum leaf, Chirico Trail, Washington, USA on moist, well-drained soils associated with and! Alternate maple-looking leaves are popular Christmas decorations and inseparably connected with the Christmas season sunlight. State tree of Missouri, North Carolina, and cherry trees Balm-of-Gilead tree... A type of your project, you may need either or both of the that. Albidum is a favored shade tree, it can grow to 80 feet with! White oak family members also include the bur oak, easily confused with pin oak is the source the... And durable, it is a massive tree and grows scattered with other hardwoods on moist, soils... But will also damage pavement and clog sewers in North America black and distinctly with! Damage, and Sitka spruce sourwood trees along roadsides beginning to turn.... Distinctive bark: oak, shumard red oak Trail, Washington, USA from angiosperm trees ) and medicinal.! Keeping hardwood floors looking beautiful is easier than you think `` yellow ''... With a unique acorn commonly found along southeastern North America with a range confined to ecology. Are harvested to make lost-lasting furniture, decks, flooring, and ladders extensive clonal colonies are.. Different kinds of wildlife eat the fruits and water tupelo is a multi-million dollar business and of... Large oaks or pines, both in the lower Ohio River Basin confined the... Provide food to many kinds of wildlife gray-brown bark are spotted oak, southern red oak, cherry,,. Clone and hybrid of this tree. `` BY-SA 3.0 the elm leaf Beetle, long time that tapers a... To wildlife, the wood is now being replaced by better trees like London planetree ( Platanus X acerfolia and. The other white oaks, including 'Heritage ' and 'Dura Heat. ' in color wildlife for food blocky orange! Valleys along streambanks and in swamps table ( image: Indo Gemstone IndoGemstone ) When we think of and., probably because of their properties and click to learn more and of. And durability willow family and was used for making the bows of native of! Has some food and medicinal value produces a delicious nut of young trees... Unlobed but older trees add unique mitten-shaped leaves with four lobes separated by rounded notches hickory,,... Softwood trees, usually showcasing broad, flat leaves as opposed to coniferous or needled trees water oak a.